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SHOLAPUR DISTRICT
INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS
MUMBAI CIRCLE
Famed due to its prominence as a sacred centre, Sholapur is well known for its numerous religious and secular monuments. Forming a cross over point between the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka, this city has a lot to offer in terms of the sheer wealth of its historic sites in the form of temples, fortifications, tombs and other structures.
LIST OF MONUMENTS
Tomb of Begam
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Mohol
LOCALITY Begumpur (Ghodeshwar) (Lat.170 35’, Long.750 35’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: 2908, dated 01.05.1917
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Sholapur, Bus station- Mangalvedha
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The tomb is a mausoleum of Begami one of Aurangzeb’s daughters, who died at Begampur in 1695 A. D. while her father was encamped at Brahmapuri on the opposite bank of the river. Buried at this place, her tomb is a plain solid structure in a courtyard of 180sq.ft. It is guarded by a strong masonry wall with the entrance on the east and south and bastions at four corners.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: The monument is situated on the left bank of the Bhima river 42Kms southwest of Sholapur.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
(1) Bombay Gazetteer, Vol. XX, Sholapur (Bombay 1884) (2) James Burgess, Revised List of Antiquarian remains in the Bombay Presidency (Vol. XVI), (Bombay 1885).
Aurangzeb’s Fort
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Mangalvedha
LOCALITY Machnur (Lat. 170 43’, Long. 750 35’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Machnur
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Built by Aurangzeb in the 17th century on the bank of Bhima river while he was camping at the neighboring village of Brahmapuri, the fort was planned such that it was a bulwark against continual Maratha raids in north Deccan. From Brahmpuri, where he built a cantonment, the operation of his armies and the affairs of his empire were directed for five years from 1695 A. D. to 1700 A. D. when it was a vacated.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: Situated 45Kms southwest from Sholapur on the right bank of Bhima river.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE No
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
(1) Bombay Gazetteer, Vol. XX, Sholapur (Bombay 1884). (2) M. S. Naravane, Forts of Maharashtra, (New Delhi 1995). (3) James Burgess, Revised List of Antiquarian remains in the Bombay Presidency (Vol. XVI), (Bombay 1885).
Old Temple of Siddheshwar
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Mangalvedha
LOCALITY Machnur (Lat. 170 34’, Long. 750 34’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM 6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Machnur
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: It is an ancient Hindu sanctuary, of the Hemadpanthi style of Architecture (11th – 12th century A. D.).
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is located 45Kms from Sholapur.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
(1) James Burgess, Revised List of Antiquarian remains in the Bombay Presidency (Vol. XVI), (Bombay 1885).
Covered Colonnade
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Mahalung (Lat. 170 52’, Long. 750 06’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Pune, Railway Station- Sholapur, Bus station- Malshiras
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The garbhagriha of this structure is a small square with a shivalinga in the centre. The interior wall of the garbhagriha which is now filled with debris may have below an old passage leading to the tank. The colonnade has a flight of steps leading to the tank and 4 pillars and pilasters on either side dividing the colonnade into seven ways, of which the back wall provides niche with sculpture. The pillars of this colonnade confirm to the usual Hemadpanti type of Yadava period.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated 45Kms northwest of Pandharpur.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE No
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Mahadev Temple
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Mahalung (Lat. 170 52’, Long. 750 06’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Mahalung
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: This east-facing stone Shiva temple of 13th century A. D. is locally known as Gondeshvara Mahadev temple. It is a flat-roofed small temple consisting of a garbhagriha and an antarala with two pillars. A satellite in plan, the structure is totally plain both from the exterior as well as internally. The garbhagriha houses a lingapitha. A new wood-pillared sabhamandapa is constructed in stone with mud mortar and cement pointing at the ruins of the original sabhamandapa. The roof is also repaired in stone with cement mortar.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated about 11Kms from Akluj.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Vithoba Temple
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Mahalung (Lat. 170 52’, Long. 750 06 ’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Mahalung
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: This late medieval temple built in stone faces the east and was originally dedicated to Shiva. However, at present a sculpture of Vithoba is placed over a new platform built inside the garbhagriha. On plan, the temple consists of a garbhagriha housing a Shivalinga, an antarala with two niches and a pillared sabhamandapa. The temple is flat-roofed and is plain internally as well as externally.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated about 11Kms from Akluj.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Hemadpanthi Well
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Mahalung (Lat. 170 52’, Long. 750 06 ’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Mahalung
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: This monument is a stepped well of the Yadava period (13th century A. D.) located within the premises of the Yamai Devi temple. Originally the tank had three stepped entrances from the east, west and north. But now on the west side a stone wall is constructed after the steps on this side collapsed. The steps on the east and north are intact with devakosthas on either side. To the south, the steps lead to a Shiva temple with a pillared verandah, an antarala and a garbhagriha.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated about 11Kms from Akluj.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE No
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Mahadev Stones
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Mahalung (Lat. 170 52’, Long. 750 06 ’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: 6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Mahalung
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Except a sculpture of Maruti with broken head, the remaining 75 documented sculptures are now shifted to the sculpture-shed at Velapur located about 20kms away from Mahalung. However, some loose sculptures are still lying in other temples of the village. Most of the sculptures are Hero-stones, generally with 3 compartments (vertically placed), occasionally with 4 compartments. However, there are some sati-memorial stones and some loose sculpture of deities datable to about the 13th -14th century A. D.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated about 11Kms from Akluj.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE No
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Yamai Devi Temple
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Mahalung (Lat. 170 52’, Long. 750 06 ’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: 6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Mahalung
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: This east-facing temple of 13th century A. D. is built of stone and was originally a Shiva temple. However, now a modern idol of Yamai Devi is placed over a modern platform inside the garbhagriha. On plan it consists of a square garbhagriha, an antarala, a pillared sabhamandapa and a pillared verandah. A little eastward is placed a deepmala. The temple has a totally renovated high rising shikhara. Except a few mouldings at the adhisthana, the temple is plain from exterior as well as interior.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated about 11Kms from Akluj.
OWNERSHIP Private
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Sholapur Fort
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Sholapur
LOCALITY Sholapur (Lat. 170 40’, Long. 750 55 ’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-3807-A, dated 17.06.1912
APPROACH: Airport- Pune, Railway Station- Sholapur, Bus station- Sholapur
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The Sholapur fort was built by Ali Adilshah in the year 1656, briefly occupied in 1668 by the Marathas and later passed to the Nizam. The fort is built on a slightly raised ground on the West bank of a lake known as the Siddheshwar Lake. It has an irregular oblong shape and was well fortified by a double row, ramparts and wall with a 30m wide moat surrounding the fort on three sides. The main gate was called the Revni Darwaza and had inner gates at right angles to it. Originally there were numerous buildings, a well, tanks and a temple, of which only the temple and few stables survive.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated in Sholapur town.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE No
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
(1) J. B. Kamalapur, The Deccan Fort, (Bombay 1960). (2) Sholapur District Gazetteer, (Bombay 1884)
Gateway and Maruti Temple
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Velapur (Lat.170 25’, Long. 750 03’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Sholapur, Bus station- Velapur
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: A late medieval temple, this temple built of crudely dressed basalt stone faces west. It is a flat roofed temple consisting of only a square pillared hall and is plain both from exterior as well as interior. Loose sculpture of Maruti, Shivalinga, nandi, Ganesha etc. are placed inside and a deepmala is located in front along the northern wall. In front of the temple, to the west in line with the deepmala is an arched gateway of stone with two niches placed inside. On its top is a brick wall of Maratha period.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: The monument is located about 13kms from Akluj.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Old Double Shrine Temple
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Velapur (Lat.170 25’, Long. 750 03’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: 3807-A, dated 17.06.1912
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Velapur
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: An inscription from this Hemadpanthi temple records the setting up of the Kalasa or finial by Brahmadev Rama, a subordinate chief under the King Ramchandra in 1305 A. D. Another records a gift of lands by the Chief Johadeva.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is about 32Kms from Pandharpur.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Old Temple and Viragals
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Velapur (Lat.170 25’, Long. 750 03’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-3807-A, dated 17.06.1912
APPROACH: Airport- Pune, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Malshiras
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: There are 20 well carved viragals (hero stones) around the old temple. Some sculptures have battle scenes in which the heroes distinguish and extinguish themselves, some heroes depicted in paradise and the worship of the ling.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It lies 16Kms South-East of Malshiras.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Old Temple in Sarkarvada
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Velapur (Lat.170 25’, Long. 750 03’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: 3807-A, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Sholapur, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Velapur
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The garbhagriha is a small square structure with a shivalinga in the centre. The interior wall of the garbhagriha, which is now filled with debris, may have below an old passage leading to the tank. The colonnade has a flight of steps leading to the tank and 4 pillars and pilasters on either side dividing the colonnade into seven ways, of which the back wall provides niche with sculpture. The pillars of this colonnade confirm to the usual Hemadpanti type of Yadava period.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated 45Kms North-West of Pandharpur.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE No
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
 
Temple of Harneshwar or Ardhanari-Nateshwar
DISTRICT Sholapur TEHSIL / SUB-DIVISION: Malshiras
LOCALITY Velapur (Lat.170 25’, Long. 750 03’)
NOTIFICATION NO.: BM-6342, dated 04.12.1930
APPROACH: Airport- Pune, Railway Station- Pandharpur, Bus station- Malshiras
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The village has a big Hemadpanthi temple of Haranareshwar dedicated to lord Shiva. The temple is locally known as Ardhanari-nateshwar. This is a triple shrine old temple datable to 13th century A.D.
TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: It is situated 32Kms northeast of Pandharpur.
OWNERSHIP Central Government
IS IT UNDER RELIGIOUS USE Yes
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Archaeological Survey of India, Mumbai Circle.
PUBLISHED REFERENCES,
IF ANY:
(1) H. Cousens, Medieval Temples of the Deccan, (Delhi 1985 reprint). (2) Sholapur District Gazetteer (Bombay 1885). (3) James Burgess, Revised List of Antiquarian remains in the Bombay Presidency (Vol. XVI), (Bombay 1885).